If I had a dollar for every time I heard “I’ll buy a home when the housing bubble pops,” I would have had a much easier time reaching my millionaire status. Sad part is, all those people that have been waiting for this “inevitable” housing market crash for the past ten years are still house-less.
I have these questions myself. As you know, I have bought a lot of houses, and every time I do, I get to wondering if we are in a housing bubble and ready for a housing market crash. Then I remember I have a process for this and stop stressing about it. I’ll teach it to you today and show you if we’re in a bubble now!
Whenever you’re buying something, it’s natural to question if it’s about to go on sale. This is especially true if you are a super saver like I hope you are! But compound that with financial news always blaring away something alarming – that markets are either ready for collapse or ready to skyrocket and you’re constantly left waiting for things to calm down. (Nothing is ever “just fine” in the news).
Then with housing, you add on top how big those numbers are and you have a perfect storm for a housing bubble and housing market crash worries.
So how do you know if you are in a housing bubble, are we in one now, and what do you do about it either way?
Read about: Get ready for a stock market crash too while you are here
What causes housing bubbles?
Rising home prices have been great for homeowners for the past year. So great that many now fear a housing market crash based on the belief that it is a bubble. According to the S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller National Home Price Index, prices are finally above their 2006 peak, but that doesn’t exactly mean we’re in a bubble. That peak was 15 years ago!
Let’s first look at what a housing bubble is and what causes them. A housing bubble is when the prices of the property rise to an ungodly amount and eventually lead to a price drop.
Two factors can cause this rapid price increase:
- A rapid increase in demand for homes (sometimes for living, sometimes for investing speculation.)
- A drop in the supply of homes available for sale.
In the past year, we have had both scenarios play out simultaneously.
The increase in home demand came as people needed some space. After the pandemic started, your home became your workspace, your classroom, and your place to have fun. And multiply that by the number of people you live with! Needless to say, if your family was happy with a tiny abode pre-pandemic, that space quickly became insufficient.
Simultaneously, homeowners weren’t looking to invite people into their homes for viewings during a pandemic, so they decided to take their homes off the market, resulting in home listings plummeting. Hellooo housing bubble.
In my own neighborhood, homes are selling at record prices while friends who were considering selling are all deciding to “wait out the housing bubble” as they say.
Real estate cycles
Real estate generally operates in cycles anyways. It’s common for real estate boom cycles to exist and eventually to turn into a housing market crash. No one knows when a market will crash or how inflated it is, but one thing’s for sure – it will crash some day.
However, those housing market crashes usually happen with greater economic crashes where unemployment starts to go up, incomes and savings start falling, interest rates start rising, and demand overall is non-existent.
On the flip side, the opposite scenario happens when the real estate cycle is moving upward. Like the current economic environment:
- The Federal Reserve guides that rates are likely to stay low for some time
- The economy grows fast
- Unemployment is estimated to be very low
- Demand for real estate may cause a shortage of construction workers.
Hardly the scenario of a looming housing market crash! Right!?
Historical housing bubbles
Looking at historical pricing trends can help gauge how overvalued the market may be and if a housing market crash is imminent. Just because prices are reaching levels last seen 15 years ago should not alone cause alarm. Look at the reasons behind the change.
In the early ’90s, the economy wasn’t that bad, but factors such as distressed leverage on excessively built properties fueled by wrong tax policies, leading to a housing market crash that did not start recovering until 1998.
During the Great Recession in 2008, low-interest rates did play a role in excessive lending. However, the major problems were lax loan standards at almost no down payments that spurred speculation that prices will continue to rise to infinity, and borrowers that shouldn’t have been given even a single mortgage were taking on four or five mortgaged properties.
The incentives were wrong for everyone. Loan originators paid fees to underwrite more and more loans regardless of credit quality, banks’ lending to subprime borrowers, and then packaging the loans to sell them off to investors looking for decent returns in a low-rate environment.
Are we in those situations? No, every housing market crash is unique but at least currently, all the old signs are pointing in the right direction.
However! Not all is in the clear. Whenever any market is reaching new highs, the four most dangerous words are “this time is different.”
What state is the housing market in in 2022?
Today’s housing market conditions are quite different compared to those that led to the housing bubbles in the 1990s and 2008.
People’s jobs may be the reason. There have been shifts in how businesses operate. After being forced to experiment with working from home during the pandemic, companies now see it as a reasonable alternative to expensive office space.
1 – Housing starts are still low vs history
Single-family home starts are already exceeding pre-pandemic levels but that value is way below normal housing start rates, so the long-term view on supply seems like we should be running out of houses.
Starts are on an upward trend but if 2008 is the metric for too many housing starts, we’ll need 10 more years to get there.
2 – Home prices are exceeding wages
One good measure is to gauge home price in relation to personal incomes. Look at that chart below; those trends do look ominous but sustainable as long as the stock market is doing well.
3 – House prices are exceeding rental rates
Another measure is home prices relative to rental yields. That chart, too, does not bode well regarding a housing market crash but to me means more. If it keeps up…people should stop buying!
4 – Home price to Rent Ratios are off
In some metro areas, home prices are rising while rents are falling. This usually should not be the case because the same variables driving up home prices SHOULD drive up rents in an area. Again it doesn’t bode well because weird things happen when a housing bubble is forming.
5 – Mortgage Rates are going back to normal
As a result, mortgage rates have also started to bounce back up which if anything will have a big effect on what people can afford.
My take on 2022 and beyond?
Likely, a bunch of people will keep on working from home. Not only that, they’ll also shop from home, entertain from home, basically making a house life’s epicenter. They aren’t moving back into an apartment any time soon after tasting the sweet dinner party live.
Their friends will be jealous and want houses too.
Making the pandemic a change agent. More funding is going to be invested in homes to be more available and hospitable to people’s needs. And I wouldn’t expect the trend to reverse for many (5?) years.
I do expect house appreciation to stop for a bit as mortgage rates rise but the Fed isn’t stupid so they won’t go too far.
Should you buy a house now? I’m still buying as after 5 years even if things turn south, I’ll have a new rental that’s partly paid off and likely renting for more than it would be today. Ending with an almost guaranteed cash-flowing home. Perfect!
I am being careful though that my new rental houses can cashflow even if rates rise (I’m accounting for an extra 1%) and not to go in below a 20% downpayment.
Overall my goal is that in 5-years the house’s financials should be rock solid.
What would cause a housing market crash in 2022?
So above you can see, prices are high when compared to basically anything. In my mind that means we are in a housing bubble but I still figure we have time.
So what would cause a crash?
- If the Fed raises interest rates quickly it would cause a crash. But they aren’t stupid so that will be well controlled (unless there is out of control hyper inflation but that’s a whole different story and rents move with inflation so it balances out).
- A big recession on everything. This would be bad but as it stands things are on the up and up and while the government keeps stimulating the economy, it’s probably not crashing.
- Supply changes. This is the one I think will change the housing market (someday). I don’t think it will change in 2022 and won’t hold my breath in 2023 either. Someday there will be too many housing starts (like in 2008) and things will break. On our current trajectory we’ll hit 2008 levels of starts in 2030.
Overall, I don’t think those things will happen soon, so I’m still buying.
What should you do about a housing bubble in 2022?
- Don’t buy into speculation. Bad investors let their emotions gain control of them.
- Keep buying rental houses with good numbers. You don’t know when the market will crash, but if you have a house that is cash flow positive it doesn’t matter anyways.
- If you are buying it for yourself, buy something reasonable. Don’t get caught up in the mania. I always recommend buying a house way beneath your means.
- Don’t get in over your head. When investing in real estate, you can leverage really aggressively and fly pretty close to the sun. Or you can hold off a bit (maybe 1 less house in a portfolio, or 20% down instead of 10% down). When prices are high I recommend still investing but a little more conservatively. Then there is some gas in the tank if there is a collapse. I would prefer to neuter my gains a little bit than go bankrupt. That’s for sure.